Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Double immunostaining for p53 and molecular chaperone hsp72/73 in gastric carcinoma.
  1. M A Villaseca,
  2. I Roa,
  3. J C Araya,
  4. J C Roa,
  5. P Flores
  1. Pathology Unit, School of Medicine, University of La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.


    AIMS: To examine the relation between the expression of p53 protein and the chaperone heat shock protein (hsp)72/73 in a population at high risk for gastric carcinoma, using single and double immunohistochemistry, and to compare the expression of these two proteins with clinicopathological features. METHODS: Monoclonal antibodies were used to investigate the expression of p53 protein and hsp72/73 in 46 human gastric carcinomas. A double immunohistochemical technique was used in cases that showed p53/hsp72/73 coexpression. RESULTS: p53 immunoreactivity was present in 11 tumours (24%), and hsp72/73 immunostaining was observed in 22 cases (48%). p53 expression was observed as nuclear staining in tumoral cells. hsp72/73 expression was demonstrated mainly as cytoplasmic staining, but six tumours also showed focal weak nuclear staining. Seven cases showed p53 and hsp72/73 coexpression with immunoreactivity for both proteins in the same neoplastic cells, three of them with focal areas of nuclear coexpression. p53 expression was seen more frequently in cases that showed a high intensity (+ + +) of hsp72/73 staining. No significant association was observed between the expression of the two proteins and clinicopathological features. CONCLUSIONS: More than half of our cases may have some impairment in p53 protein growth suppressive function, as a result of p53 gene alterations or complex formation. The positive correlation between p53 expression and intensity of hsp72/73 supports the postulate of a p53 regulating function for the chaperone hsp72/73. A high intensity of hsp72/73 immunohistochemical staining could be used as an indirect marker of p53 gene abnormalities.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.